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CANCER PATIENTS FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTIION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital,near Radio Theropy Department
01-01-2017

KALPOTARU UTSAV 2018

NORTH BENGAL MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL
01-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
02-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
02-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
03-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
03-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
04-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
04-01-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

Gugni Danga,Dhum Dangi Mandir,Jalpaiguri
04-01-2018

PRE CANCEROUS LESION SCREENING OF CERVIX

Gugni Danga,Dhum Dangi Mandir, P.O. Kundar Dighi, P.S.Rajgang, Dist. Jalpaiguri,
04-01-2018

BREAST SELF EXAMINATION EDUCATION

Gugni Danga,Dhum Dangi Mandir, P.O. Kundar Dighi, P.S.Rajgang, Dist. Jalpaiguri,
04-01-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION

Varsha Healthcare,Falakata,Alipurdurar,West Bengal
08-01-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
09-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
09-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
11-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
11-01-2018

MAKAR SANKRINTI UTSAV 2018

 On occation of above event we are conduct cancer awareness program.


Gandhi Maidan,Khalpara,Siliguri
14-01-2018 to 15-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
16-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
16-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
18-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
18-01-2018

SHRAMIK MELA 2018

 Labour social security month observe by the Govt. of West Bengal through out the January 1st to 31st ,2018.we are invited for conduct 3 days above event. a rent free stall provide to us. 


Dagapur Complex,Siliguri
19-01-2018 to 21-01-2018

SARASWATI PUJA 2018

SCS Admin Office
22-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
23-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
23-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
25-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.8
25-01-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
30-01-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
30-01-2018

CANCER PATIENTS FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTIION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital,near Radio Theropy Department
01-02-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
01-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
01-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
06-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
06-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
08-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
08-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
13-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
13-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
15-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
15-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
20-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
20-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
22-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
22-02-2018

CANCER AWARENESS,BREAST SELF EXAMINATION EDUCATION & ORAL CAVITY SCREENING PROGRAM

Dhowla Jhora Yubak Sangha,Vill & P.O.: Turturi P.S.: Samuktala,Dist.Alipurduar,P
25-02-2018

CANCER AWARENESS,BREAST SELF EXAMINATION EDUCATION & ORAL CAVITY SCREENING PROGRAM

Dhowla Jhora Yubak Sangha,Vill & P.O.: Turturi P.S.: Samuktala,Dist.Alipurduar,P
25-02-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
27-02-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
27-02-2018

CANCER PATIENTS FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTIION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital,near Radio Theropy Department
01-03-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
06-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
06-03-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

Tribeni Mahila Unnayan Sangha,bidhan Nagar, Siliguri
08-03-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

Tribeni Mahila Unnayan Sangha,bidhan Nagar, Siliguri
08-03-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
08-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
08-03-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
13-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
13-03-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
15-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
15-03-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
20-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
20-03-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

 Siliguri Police Commissionerate permission vide memo no. 268/OLD/18/SPC dtd.23.03.2018 


Iskon Mandir Under Bhankinagar P.S.
20-03-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
22-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
22-03-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Haider Para Bazar,Bhaktinagar P.S. (Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018
22-03-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Sanghati More,Bhaktinagar P.S. (Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018)
24-03-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
27-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
27-03-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Milan More,Pradhan Nagar P.S. (Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018
27-03-2018

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
29-03-2018

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
29-03-2018

CANCER PATIENTS FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTIION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital,near Radio Theropy Department
01-04-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

Mithaidra,Chunbhati,Tindharia,Darjeeling
01-04-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Near Vishal Megamant,SLG P.S.(Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018)
08-04-2018

BREAST & CERVICAL PRE CANCEROUS LESIONS SCREENING 2018

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Ward No. 1,Panchanan Center
10-04-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Mow Bazar,SLG.P.S. (Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018)
10-04-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

BSNL/Electric Office,SLG. P.S. (Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018)
12-04-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Hati More,SLG P.S. (Permission No. 268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd. 23.03.2018)
14-04-2018

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

Gate Bazar,LG P.S. (Permission No.268/OLD/18/SPC Dtd.23.03.2018)
17-04-2018

WORLD NO TOBACCO DAY 2017

Essay & PPT compitation among the student of class VI to XII


Vega Circle Mall,Sevoke Road,Siliguri,West Bengal
01-05-2017 to 31-05-2017

CANCER PATIENTS FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTIION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital,near Radio Theropy Department
01-05-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

 Smt.Sathi Route Head Mestage 98340 21804


Surah Kanya Vidalaya, C.I.T.Road,Phool Bagan,Kolkata
03-05-2018

FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital
01-06-2017

Cancer & Life Style

Hakimpara Balika Vidyalaya
07-06-2017 to 07-07-2017

CANCER PATIENTS FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTIION

North Bengal Medical Colege & Hospital,near Radio Theropy Department
01-07-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Sanghati More, Siliguri.
02-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Haiderpara, Siliguri
05-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Near Paramound Nursing Home
06-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Syryasen Park, Siliguri.
07-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Syryasen Park, Siliguri.
07-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Fulbarri, Siliguri
09-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Sevok More,
12-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Venus More
13-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Near Tarai School, Siliguri
14-08-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP 2016

Surya Sen College
17-08-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
31-08-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
31-08-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

Organize by Lions Club of Naxalbari


Hatigisha H.S.School,NaxaLBARI,dARJEELING
01-09-2017

FREE NUTRITION DISTRIBUTION

Jointly with Union Bank of India,Regional Office , Siliguri.


NBMC&Hospital,Radio Therapy Dept.
01-09-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
05-09-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
05-09-2017

RALLY FOR SUBARNA JAYANTI BARSHA UDIAPAN 2017-18

Ashrampara,Siliguri


RAMAKRISHNA SARADMONI VIDYAPITH (H.S.)
05-09-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAMME

 Organize by All India Human Right Organization. Shiv Mandir local office.


Matigara,Harasundur High School
07-09-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.3
07-09-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.3
07-09-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
12-09-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.4
12-09-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.6
14-09-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
14-09-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAMME

FULBARI HIGH SCHOOL
28-09-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAMME

BAGHA JATIN VIDYA PITH (H.S)
29-09-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAMME

HOLDIBARI
03-10-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAMME

BAGHA JATIN VIDYA PITH (H.S)
04-10-2016

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.7
10-10-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.7
10-10-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
12-10-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
12-10-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

RATHKHOLA
17-10-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
17-10-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 9
17-10-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

NILNALANI SCHOOL (NEAR PANITANKI MORE)
19-10-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

NILNALANI SCHOOL (NEAR PANITANKI MORE)
19-10-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

SUBHAS PALLY MARKET
21-10-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

NTS MORE
24-10-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
24-10-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No1
24-10-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

BHAGHAJATIN PARK
26-10-2016

CANCER AWARENESS & FUND RAISING CAMP

CHANDA PARK, NEAR MAHANANDAPARA
28-10-2016

BHAGINI NIVEDITA JANMA SARDHA SOTOBARSA

Sarada Sishu Tirtha, Siliguri
28-10-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.5
31-10-2017

CANCER PATIENTS FOOD DISTRIBUTION CAMP

NORTH BENGAL MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL
01-11-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.2
02-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 2
02-11-2017

NATIONAL CANCER AWARENESS DAY

SILIGURI
07-11-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
07-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.3
07-11-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
09-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
09-11-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
14-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 5
14-11-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
16-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
16-11-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
21-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
21-11-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
23-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
23-11-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
28-11-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
28-11-2017

CANCER PATIENTS FOOD DISTRIBUTION CAMP

NORTH BENGAL MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL
01-12-2016

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.9
05-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.9
05-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
07-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 3
07-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 4
12-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.4
12-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.5
14-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.5
14-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
19-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 6
19-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
21-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 7
21-12-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION PROGRAM

GYAN JYOTI COLLEGE,Dagapur,Darjeeling
21-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No.1
26-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 1
26-12-2017

Cervical Pre Cancerous Lesion Screening Clinic

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
28-12-2017

Breast Self Examination Education

Siliguri Municipal Corpn. Urban Public Health Center No. 8
28-12-2017

CANCER AWARENESS & PREVENTION

North Bengal Science Centre,Ministry Of Culture,Govt. Of India,at Matigera,Darje
31-07-2017

You are visitior no. :

"The Diseases ::"

 

Secondary cancer in the lymph node:

 

This information is about secondary cancer in the lymph nodes. This describes the situation where cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes from a cancer that began elsewhere in the body.

 

The lymphatic system

The lymphatic system is one of the body's natural defences against infection. It is made up of organs such as the bone marrow, thymus and spleen as well as lymph nodes (sometimes called lymph glands) all over the body that are connected by a network of lymphatic vessels.


The lymphatic system

Cancer in the lymph nodes

Cancer can develop in the lymph nodes in two ways. It can either start there as a primary cancer, or it can spread into the lymph nodes from a primary cancer elsewhere in the body. If cancer spreads into the lymph nodes from another part of the body, this is known as secondary or metastatic cancer. Cancer that starts in the lymph nodes themselves is called lymphoma.

This information is about secondary cancer in the lymph nodes. We have further information about the different types of lymphomas.


How cancers can spread

Cancerous tumours are made up of millions of cells. Some of these cells may break away from the primary cancer and travel in the bloodstream or the lymphatic system to another part of the body. They can stay dormant in such places for many years, or can grow into secondary tumours.

Cancer found in lymph nodes, in a part of the body far away from an original primary tumour, is usually recognised as being a secondary rather than a new primary cancer. Under a microscope, the cells will look like cells from the original type of cancer. For example, when a lung cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, the cells in the lymph nodes look like lung cancer cells.

In some people, when the original tumour is diagnosed, doctors will also remove some nearby lymph nodes. It is important to know whether or not a primary cancer has spread to any nearby lymph nodes, because it helps the doctors to estimate the risk of the cancer coming back, and to decide whether or not further treatment is necessary.


Signs and symptoms

The most common sign of cancer cells in the lymph nodes is that one or more of the lymph nodes becomes enlarged or feels hard. However, if there are only a small number of cells in the lymph nodes, they may feel quite normal, and it is only possible to tell that a cancer is present by removing part, or all, of the lymph node and examining the cells in a laboratory. However, it is important to remember that lymph nodes can be enlarged for other reasons, such as infections.

If the lymph glands are deep inside chest or abdomen, they may cause pressure on surrounding organs or structures. This can lead to symptoms like breathlessness or backache.

Sometimes a lymph node, or group of nodes, may appear larger than they should be on a scan, such as an ultrasound scan, CT scan or MRI scan. This may be a sign that there is a secondary cancer in the lymph nodes.


How it is diagnosed

Sometimes a CT scan or MRI scan is all that is needed to make a diagnosis of secondary cancer in the lymph nodes, but for other people it may be necessary to carry out further tests. For example:

Excision biopsy This involves removing a lymph node, or nodes, under general anaesthetic.

Needle biopsy A sample of cells may be taken from an enlarged lymph node, using a fine needle attached to a syringe. The needle biopsy is usually done in a clinic and does not need a general anaesthetic.

The cells can then be sent to a laboratory to be examined under the microscope by a pathologist (a doctor who can diagnose illness by looking at cells).

If your doctors feel that the enlarged lymph nodes (or those seen on a scan) are quite clearly linked to the primary cancer, it may not be necessary to remove a node or take a biopsy.


Treatment

The treatment for a cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes depends on the individual situation, including the person's general health and type of primary cancer. It may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, or a combination of these treatments.

Sometimes, cancer cells may be found in lymph nodes near to the primary tumour, which have been taken away during surgery to remove this cancer. In this situation, treatment such as chemotherapy may be suggested. This is because if a primary cancer has spread to the nearby lymph glands, it increases the risk that the cancer may have spread to other parts of the body (even though those glands have been removed). Chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy can reduce the chance of the cancer coming back for some people.


Your feelings

Learning that your cancer has spread, or come back, can be a shock. You may have many different emotions, including anger, resentment, guilt, anxiety and fear. These are all normal reactions, and are part of the process many people go through in trying to come to terms with their illness.

Each individual has their own way of coping with difficult situations; some people find it helpful to talk to friends or family, while others prefer to seek help from people outside their situation. Some people prefer to keep their feelings to themselves. There is no right or wrong way to cope, but help is available if you need it.